Bologna Accord - Participating Countries

An overview of the main elements

Participating countries

Since 1999

  • Austria
  • Belgium
  • Bulgaria
  • Czech Republic
  • Denmark
  • Estonia
  • Finland
  • France
  • Germany
  • Greece
  • Hungary
  • Iceland
  • Ireland
  • Italy
  • Latvia
  • Lithuania
  • Luxembourg
  • Malta
  • Netherlands
  • Norway
  • Poland
  • Portugal
  • Romania
  • Slovakia
  • Slovenia
  • Spain
  • Sweden
  • Switzerland
  • United Kingdom

Since 2001

  • Croatia
  • Cyprus
  • Liechtenstein
  • Turkey

Since 2003

  • Albania
  • Andorra
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Vatican City
  • Russian Federation
  • Serbia (and Montenegro)
  • The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Since 2005

  • Armenia
  • Azerbaijan
  • Georgia
  • Moldova
  • Ukraine

Since 2006

  • Montenegro


Summary: What does the Bologna Accord mean to you?

- Simplified educational mobility from one country to another
- The Accord will attract more non-European candidates to take advantage of the flexibility of the system
- This will increase the span of educational quality, augment knowledge bases, and bring in higher levels of development
- Helps promote standardisation of the degrees you take in any country
- This standardisation will help in making your application process easier for masters programmes
- You will be able to access approximately 12,000 graduate courses througout the participating universities (source: GMAC)
- Schools will be more competitive, thus offering better benefits, services and higher quality to students.


Three Degree Cycle, The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS), The Diploma Supplement, Quality Assurance, Recognition, Joint Degrees

Action lines to establish a European Higher Education Area by 2010

1. Adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees
2. Adoption of a system essentially based on two cycles
3. Establishment of a system of credits
4. Promotion of mobility

Figures

Over 6,500 higher education institutions and 31 million students involved
More than 50% of students already studying in a Bologna Process reform programme.

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